Residents’ Perception of the Social and Cultural Impacts of a Public Music Festival in Catalonia


  • Soledad Morales Pérez Universitat Oberta de Catalunya
  • Carmen Pacheco Bernal Universitat Oberta de Catalunya



Social Impacts, Cultural Impacts, Residents’ Perception, Music Festivals, Public Institutions


Many authors recognize that events, besides generating economic impacts, also contribute to social and cultural development, for example by creating and communicating social values and promoting social sharing, strengthening local identity and culture and/or promoting a sense of pride and belonging to a community. This study analyses the perception that residents of the city of Vic (a medium-sized city in the interior of the region of Catalonia, Spain) have developed about the Mercat de Música Viva de Vic (MMVV); an international music festival organized annually by public institutions for the past 27 years. From the results of a factor analysis the paper demonstrates how this event is valued for the positive economic impacts generated, but in particular, for other impacts that have favored the social and cultural development of the region, while negative impacts are also recognized. 


Andersson, T. D., & Lundberg, E. (2013). Commensurability and sustainability: Triple impact assessments of a tourism event. Tourism Management, 37, 99–109.

Ap, J. (1992). Residents’ perceptions on tourism impacts. Annals of Tourism Research, 19(4), 665–690.

Burgan, B., & Mules, T. (1992). Economic impact of sporting events. Annals of Tourism Research, 19(4), 700–710.

Carlsen, J., Ali-Knight, J., & Robertson, M. (2007). Access–A Research Agenda for Edinburgh Festivals. Event Management, 11(1-2), 1–2.

Chhabra, D., Sills, E., & Rea, P. (2002). Tourist expenditures at heritage festivals. Event Management, 7(4), 221–230.

Daniels, M. J., Backman, K., & Backman, S. (2004). Suplementing event economic impact results with perspectives from host community business and opinion leaders. Event Management, 8(3), 117–125.

Daniels, M. J., Norman, W. C., & Henry, M. S. (2004). Estimating Income Effects of a Sport Tourism Event. Annals of Tourism Research, 31(1), 180–199.

De Bres, K. & Davis, J. (2001). Celebrating group and place identity: A case study of a new regional festival. Tourism Geographies, 3(3), 326–337.

Deery, M., Jago, L., & Fredline, L. (2012). Rethinking social impacts of tourism research: A new research agenda. Tourism Management, 33(1), 64–73.

Delamere, T., Wankel, L., & Hinch, T. (2001). Development of a scale to measure resident attitudes toward the social impacts of community festials, part I: item generation and purification of the measure. Event Management, 7(1), 11–24.

Derret, R. (2003). Making sense of how festivals demonstrate a community’s sense of place. Event Management, 8(1), 49–58.

Dwyer, L., Mellor, R., Mistilis, N., & Mules, T. (2000). Forecasting the economic impacts of events and conventions. Event Management, 6(3), 191–204.

Dwyer, L., Mellor, R., Mistilis, N., & Mules, T. (2001). A framework for assessing “tangible” and “intangible” impacts of events and conventions. Event Management, 6(3), 175–189.

Finkel, R. (2006). Tensions between ambition and reality in UK combined arts festival programming: case study of the lichfield festival. International Journal of Event Management Research, 2(1), 25–36.

Fredline, E., & Faulkner, B. (2000). Host community reactions. Annals of Tourism Research, 27(3), 763–784.

Fredline, L., Jago, L., & Deery, M. (2003). The development of a generic scales to measure the social impacts of events. Event Management, 8(1), 23–37.

Gazel, R., & Schwer, K. (1997). Beyond Rock and Roll: the economic impact of the Grateful Dead on a local economy. Journal of Cultural Economics, 21(1), 41–55. http://doi:10.1023/A:1007372721259

Gelan, A. (2003). Local economic impacts. The British Open. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(2), 406–425.

Getz, D. (1989). Special events. Tourism Management, 10(2), 125–137.

Getz, D. (Ed.) (2007). Event studies: Theory, research and policy for planned events. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann.

Gotham, K. F. (2005). Theorizing urban spectacles. City, 9(2), 225–246.

Hair, J.F., Black, W.C., Babin, B.J., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate data analysis. A global perspective (7th edition). New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Hede, A., Jago, L., & Deery, M. (2003). An agenda for special event research: Lessons from the past and directions for the future. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 10(3), 1–14.

Hede, A.-M. (2007). Managing special events in the new era of the triple bottom line. Event Management, 11(1-2), 13–22.

Jönsson, C. (2014). Book Review: Exploring the Social Impacts of Events. Tourism Management, 44, 3–4.

McCartney, G. (2005). The impact of the 50th Macao Grand Prix on Macao’s destination image. International Journal of Event Management Research, 1(1), 46–65.

Morales, S., Flores, M., Garcia, F., & Pacheco, C. (2012). Estudi d’Impacte del Mercat de Música Viva de Vic. Retrieved from:

Moscardo, G. (2007). Analyzing the role of festival and events in regional development. Event Management, 11(1-2), 23–32.

Moufakkir, O., & Kelly, I. (2013). Peace through tourism: a sustainable development role for events. In T. Pernek & M. Lück (Eds.), Events, Society and Sustainabilit (pp. 130–150). Oxon: Routledge.

O’Sullivan, D., Pickernella, D., & Senyardb, J. (2009). Public sector evaluation of festivals and special events. Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events, 1(1), 19–36.

Pine, B. J., & Gilmore, J. (1999). The experience economy, work is theatre and every business a stage. Boston: Boston Harvard Business School Press.

Quinn, B. (2006). Problematising “festival tourism”: Arts festivals and sustainable development in Ireland. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 14(3), 288–128.

Richards, G. (2015). Events in the network society: The role of pulsar and iterative events. Event Management, 19(4), 553–566.

Sharpley, R. (2014). Host perceptions of tourism: A review of the research. Tourism Management, 42, 37–49.

Small, K. (2008). Social dimensions of community festivals: an application of factor analysis in the development of the social impact perception (sip) scale. Event Management, 11 (1-2), 45–55.

Small, K., Edwars, D., & Sheridan, L. (2005). A flexible framework for evaluating the socio-cultural impacts of a (small) festival. International Journal of Event Management Research, 1(1), 66–77.

Stevens, Q., & Shin, H. (2014). Urban Festivals and Local Social Space. Planning Practice, 29(1), 37–41.

Stokes, R., & Jago, L. (2007). Australia ’s Public Sector Environment for Shaping Event Tourism Strategy. International Journal of Event Management Research, 3(1), 42–53.

Waitt, G. (2003). Social impacts of the Sydney Olympics. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(1), 194–215.

Weaver, D. B., & Lawton, L. J. (2013). Resident perceptions of a contentious tourism event. Tourism Management, 37, 165–175.




How to Cite

Morales Pérez, S., & Pacheco Bernal, C. (2017). Residents’ Perception of the Social and Cultural Impacts of a Public Music Festival in Catalonia. Almatourism - Journal of Tourism, Culture and Territorial Development, 8(7), 21–36.