Tourism Spaces: The New Experience Design
Keywords:Tourism Spaces, Tourist Practices and Territorial Organisations, Creative Experience, Tourists-Residents, Homogenous Space - Heterogeneous Space
The aim of this article is to offer a theoretical contribution to the organisation, design and significance of tourism spaces, at a time when tourist practices are experiencing both change and intensification.
From an architectural perspective, the study seeks to understand the evolutionary link between holiday practices and spaces, interpreting tourism as a context of creative relations between people, aspects, things and the places in which practices take place.
Based on this interpretation, the paper defines architectural and urban categories of tourism, briefly comparing various literature on tourist organisations. In the second part, through the examination of recent examples of tourist experiences, planning actions and their ability to generate new tourism landscapes are evaluated. For both places and tourist experiences, that which emerges and the fields of application involved constitute guidelines and development tools for a form of tourism design that is more knowledgeable about the encounter between tourists and residents, and more reliable given that it is founded on the distinctive features of territories.
The study demonstrates that tourism spaces, if intended as contexts of creative relations between people, aspects, things and places in which practices take place, may now develop a certain potential that once again calls into question a series of much debated opposites, tourists - residents, free time - work time, holiday space - day-to-day space, attractive resources and their transformation into elements of tourism, which had otherwise previously been consolidated by the tourist phenomenon.
In the end, tourism proves itself to be an imaginative impulse, which is capable of reinventing the qualities of places and successfully orientating urban events.
Binkhorst, E., (2005), The co-creation tourism experience, www.esade.edu.
Cipolletti, S., (2012), Nuove pratiche del turismo, L. Coccia, M. d’Annuntiis, Oltre la spiaggia. Nuovi spazi per il turismo adriatico,QUODLIBET, Macerata, pp. 90-93.
Cipolletti, S., (2012), Turismo, evento generativo di spazio pubblico, in Coccia, L., (eds), Architettura e turismo, Franco Angeli, Milano, pp. 197-200.
de Botton, A., (2013), Una generazione curiosa, Internazionale, 2/22 Agosto 2013, n. 1011-1012-1013, ANNO 20.
Edensor, T. (2000), Staging tourism: tourists as performers, Annals of Tourism Research, 27, pp. 322-344.
Ellefsen, K.O., (2011), Detoured infrastructure. The architecture of the National Tourist Routes, area, 116, May‐June 2011.
Ferlenga, A., (2003), Gli spazi della città, in Spinelli, M., Marzo, M., (eds), Vivere Venezia: nove scuole di architettura europee per la progettazione degli spazi pubblici veneziani, Venezia, Marsilio Editore, p. 15.
Foucault, M., Utopie. Eterotopie, (1966), trad. it.(eds) A. Moscati, Cronopio, Napoli, 2006.
Lozato-Giotart j.P., Balfet, M., (2009), Progettazione e gestione dei sistemi turistici. Territorio sistemi di produzione e di strategie, Milano, Franco Angeli.
Mackay Yarnal, C., Kerstetter, D., Casting off. An exploration of Cruise ship, Group tour Bahaviour, and social interaction, Journal of travel Research, 43, pp. 368-379, 2005.
Marzo, M., (2007), Gli spazi della città che esiste, in Marco d' Annuntiis (a cura di), UNI.CITY, Spazio e Ricerca, ANNO IV, N. 8, Maggio 2007, Edizioni Kappa, Roma, p. 72.
Ninot, R.P., Villanova Claret, J.M., (2011), A century of Tourism in Europe. New Challenges to the discipline of urbanism, Journal of Tourism research, VOL: 3, No. 2.
Oakes, T., (2005), Tourism and the modern subject. Placing the encounter between tourists and other, Cartier, C., Lew, A., Seductions of place: geographical perspective on globalizations and touristed landscapes, London and New York, Routledge, pp.36-54.
Richards, G., Wilson, J., (2006), Developing creativity in tourist experience. A solution to the serial reproduction of culture?, Tourism Management, 27, pp. 1408-1413.
Richards, G., (2008), Un nuovo turismo cultural per una nuova Europa, annuario del turismo 2008, centro studi del touring club italiano, disponibile elettronicamente in www.ufficiostudi.beniculturali.it.
Richards, G., (2011), Creativity and tourism: the State of the Art, Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 38, Issue 4, Ottobre 2011, pp. 1225-1253.
Richards, G., (2013), Tourism development trajectories- From culture to creativity?, Smith, M. and Richards, G. (eds) The Handbook of Cultural Tourism, London, Routledge, pp. 297-303.
Russo, A.P., Aria Sans, A., (2009), Student communities and landscapes of creativity. How Venice- the world’s most touristed city – is changing, European Urban and Regional Studies, n. 16, pp. 161-175.
Savelli, A., (eds), (2004), Turismo, territorio, identità. Ricerche ed esperienze nell’area mediterranea, Franco angeli, Milano.
Simonicca, A., (2004), Turismo e società complesse. Saggi antropologici, Meltemi, Roma.
Trillo, C., (2003), Territori del turismo tra utopia e atopia, Firenze, Alinea Editrice.
Urry, J., (1990), The tourist gaze, London, Sage publications
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2014 Sara Cipolletti
Copyrights and publishing rights of all the texts on this journal belong to the respective authors without restrictions.
This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License (full legal code).
See also our Open Access Policy.