A New Era for Urban Tourism? The Case of Venice, Italy


  • Domokos Benjamin Horváth Aalborg University




Venice, Urban Tourism, Negative Tourism Impacts


In the last decades a number of studies have dealt with the negative impacts of tourism, still, there is a lack of research that explains why these impacts have emerged. The present article addresses this research gap, and after the identification of the different impacts, attempts to explore the reasons for their emergence through the case of Venice. Given that certain tourism impacts have been the focus of recent protests of Venetian residents, the article also tries to explore the connections between tourism-related issues and social movements that is, the reasons behind these demonstrations. The study is based on qualitative interviews with opinion leaders from local (Venetian), regional (Veneto Region) and international (European Union) levels.


Ashworth, G. J. (2003). Urban tourism: still an imbalance in attention? In C. Cooper (Ed.), Classic reviews in tourism (pp. 143–163) Clevedon: Channel View.

Ashworth, G. & Page, S. J. (2011). Urban tourism research: Recent progress and current paradoxes. Tourism Management, 32(1), 1-15.

Belisle, F. J. & Hoy, D. R. (1980). The perceived impact of tourism by residents a case study in Santa Marta, Colombia. Annals of tourism research, 7 (1), 83-101.

Cittá di Venezia. (n.d. a). Riepilogo anno 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2018, from: http://www.comune.venezia.it/it/content/movimento-demografico

Cittá di Venezia. (n.d. b). Avviso pubblico per la vendita di Palazzo Poerio Papadopoli a Venezia. Retrieved 19 January 2018, from:


Cittá di Venezia. (n.d. c). Annuario del Turismo 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2018, from: http://www.comune.venezia.it/sites/comune.venezia.it/files/immagini/Turismo/ANNUARIO%202016%20Ita.pdf

Cittá di Venezia. (n.d. d). Yearbook of Tourism: Data 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2018, from: http://www.comune.venezia.it/sites/comune.venezia.it/files/Turismo/Yearbook%20of%20Tourism.pdf

Cohen, E. (1984). The sociology of tourism: approaches, issues, and findings. Annual review of sociology, 10 (1), 373-392.

Cohen, E. (1988). Authenticity and commoditization in tourism. Annals of tourism research, 15 (3), 371-386.

Coldwell, W. (2017). First Venice and Barcelona: now anti-tourism marches spread across Europe. Retrieved: 20 October 2017, from:


Cole, S. (2007). Beyond authenticity and commodification. Annals of Tourism Research, 34 (4), 943-960.

Comune di Venezia. (2016). Yearbook of Tourism 2015, City of Venice. Retrieved 04 December 2017, from: https://www.comune.venezia.it/it/content/studi

Deery, M., Jago, L. & Fredline, L. (2012). Rethinking social impacts of tourism research: A new research agenda. Tourism Management, 33 (1), 64-73.

Edwards, S, Binnie, I. & Zuvela, M. (2017). Summer lovin'? Not in angry Europe's tourist hotspots. Retrieved 1 February 2018, from: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-europe-tourism-backlash/summer-lovin-not-in-angry-europes-tourist-hotspots-idUSKBN1AK24L

Euromonitor International. (2017). Top 100 City Destinations Ranking. WTM London 2017 Edition. Retrieved 27 November 2017, from: http://go.euromonitor.com/World-Travel-Market-2017-Thank-You-2.html?aliId=136939399

Füller, H. & Michel, B. (2014). ‘Stop being a tourist!’ New dynamics of urban tourism in Berlin‐Kreuzberg. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 38 (4), 1304-1318.

Ganzaroli, A., De Noni, I., & van Baalen, P. (2017). Vicious advice: Analyzing the impact of TripAdvisor on the quality of restaurants as part of the cultural heritage of Venice. Tourism Management, 61, 501-510.

García-Hernández, M., de la Calle-Vaquero, M., & Yubero, C. (2017). Cultural Heritage and Urban Tourism: Historic City Centres under Pressure. Sustainability, 9 (8), 1346.

Gilbert, D. & Clark, M. (1997). An exploratory examination of urban tourism impact, with reference to residents attitudes, in the cities of Canterbury and Guildford. Cities, 14 (6), 343-352.

Glasson, J. (1994). Oxford: A heritage city under pressure: Visitors, impacts and management responses. Tourism Management, 15 (2), 137-144.

Greenwood, D. (1978). Culture by the Pound: An Anthropological Perspective on Tourism as Cultural Commoditization. In Smith V. (Ed.), Host and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism (pp. 129-138). Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Horváth, D. (2018). The role of migrant entrepreneurs in ecotourism development: The case of Las Trancas, Chile. Retrieved 26 June 2018, from:


Jeonglyeol Lee, T., Li, J., & Kim, H. K. (2007). Community residents' perceptions and attitudes towards heritage tourism in a historic city. Tourism and hospitality planning & development, 4 (2), 91-109.

Jordan, E. J. & Vogt, C. A. (2017). Residents’ Perceptions of Stress Related to Cruise Tourism Development. Tourism Planning & Development, 1-21.

Jönsson, C. (2016). Leakage, economic. In: Jafari, J. and Xiao, H. (eds.), Encyclopedia of Tourism (pp. 545-546). Switzerland: Springer Cham. ISBN 978-3-319-01383-1

Kesar, O., Dezeljin, R. & Bienenfeld, M. (2015). Tourism Gentrification in the City Of Zagreb: Time For A Debate? Interdisciplinary Management Research, 11, 657-668.

Lai, I. K. W., & Hitchcock, M. (2017). Local reactions to mass tourism and community tourism development in Macau. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25 (4), 451-470.

Maitland, R. (2013). Backstage behaviour in the global city: Tourists and the search for the ‘real London’. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 105, 12-19.

Montanari, A. & Staniscia, B. (2010). Rome: a difficult path between tourist pressure and sustainable development. Rivista di Scienze del Turismo, 2, 301-316.

OECD/ITF. (2016). Cruise Shipping and Urban Development: The Case of Venice. Retrieved 22 January 2018, from: https://www.itf-oecd.org/cruise-shipping-and-urban-development-case-venice

Towner, J. (1985). The grand tour: A key phase in the history of tourism. Annals of tourism research, 12 (3), 297-333.

UNESCO. (n.d.). Venice and its Lagoon. Retrieved 04 December 2017, from: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/394

UNESCO World Heritage Committee. (2017). Decision: 41 COM 7B.48. Venice and its lagoon (Italy) (C 394). Retrieved 20 January 2018, from:


United Nations. (2016). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 22 December 2015. Retrieved: 20 October 2017, from


Valenzuela, M. & Hidalgo, C. (2010). Tourism in historic cores, conflict or opportunity? Rivista di Scienze del Turismo. 2, 281-300.

van der Borg, J. (1992). Tourism and urban development: the case of Venice Italy. Tourism Recreation Research, 17, 46-56.

van der Borg, J., Costa, P., & Gotti, G. (1996). Tourism in European heritage cities. Annals of tourism research, 23 (2), 306-321.

Venezia Today. (2017). Da Singapore 10,8 milioni per Palazzo Poerio, ma quanti problemi in attesa della firma. Retrieved 19 January 2018, from: http://www.veneziatoday.it/cronaca/palazzo-poerio-papadopoli-offerta-10-milioni-acquisto-novembre-2017.html

Vianello, M. (2016). The No Grandi Navi campaign: Protests against cruise tourism in Venice. In: Colomb, C., & Novy, J. (Eds.). (2016). Protest and resistance in the tourist city. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-138-85671-4

Young, G (1973). Tourism: Blessing or Blight? Penguin Books, Harmondsworth.




How to Cite

Horváth, D. B. (2018). A New Era for Urban Tourism? The Case of Venice, Italy. Almatourism - Journal of Tourism, Culture and Territorial Development, 9(17), 13–32. https://doi.org/10.6092/issn.2036-5195/8225