Creative Cultural Tourism for Namibia: Opportunities and Challenges


  • Isobel Green Namibia University of Science and Technology
  • Miriam Sheyapo University of Namibia



Namibia, Creativity, Cultural Tourism, Opportunities, Challenges, Diversification


Altinay, L., & Paraskevas, A. (2008). Planning Research in Hospitality and Tourism (1st ed.). Oxford: Elsevier Ltd.

Cater & Beeton. (2004). A model of cultural change and tourism. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research , 423-441.

Christrie, I., Fernandes, E., Messerli, H., & Twinning-Ward, L. (2014). Tourism in Africa: Harnessing Tourism for Growth and Improved Livelihoods (1st ed.). Washington DC: World Bank.

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Method Approaches (3rd ed.). London : SAGE Publications .

Goeldner, C. R., & Ritchie, B. J. (2006). Tourism Principles, Practices, Philosophies (10 ed.). New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Hsu, C.-C., & Sandford, B. A. (2007). The Delphi Technique: Making Sense Of Consensus. Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation , 12(10), 1-8.

Ivanovic, M. (2008). Cultural Tourism (1st ed.). Cape Town : Juta & Company .

Mahmood, Hasan Khan. (2001). Rural Poverty in Developing Countries. Implications for Public Policy . Washington : International Monetary Fund.

Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. B. (2011). Designing Qualitative Research (5th ed.). London : SAGE Publication.

McKercher & du Cross. (2003). Testing a cultural tourism typology. International Journal of Tourism Research , 45-58.

Ohridska-Olson, R. & Ivanov, S., (2010). Creative tourism business model and its application in Bulgaria., Dobrich : Cultural Reams.

Republic of Namibia , (2017). Namibia's 5th National Development Plan (NDP5), Windhoek: Republic of Namibia.

Richards, G., (2010). Tourism Development trajectories- from culture to creativity, Tilburg : Tilburg University.

Richards, G. & Marques, L., (2012). Exploring Creative Tourism: Editors Introduction. Journal of Tourism Consumption and Practice , 12(2), pp. 1-11.

Richards, G. & Raymond, C., (2000). Creative Tourism. ATLAS News , Volume 23, pp. 16-20.

Richards, G., & Wilson, J. (2006). Developing Creativity in Tourist Experiences: A Solution to the Serial Reproductionof Culture? Tourism Management , 6(2), 1209-1223.

Richards, G., & Wilson, J. (2007). Tourism, Creativity and Development (1st ed.). New York : Routledge.

Saarinen, J., & Niskala, M. (2009). Selling Places and Constructing Local Cultures in Tourism: the role of the Ovahimba in Namibian Tourism Promotion . In P. Hottola, Tourism Strategies and Local Responses in Southern Africa (pp. 61-72). Oxon : CAB International.

Sharpley. (2004). Tourism: a vehicle for development. In S. &. Telfer, Tourism and Development - Concepts and Issues (pp. 11-34). Clevedon: Channel View Publications.

Smith, M. K. (2009). Issues in Cultural Tourism Studies (2nd ed.). New York : Routledge.

Tan, S.-K., Tan, S.-H., Luh, D.-B., & Kung, S.-F. (2016). Understanding tourist perspectives in creative tourism . Current Issues in Tourism , 981-987.

Urry, J. (2002). The tourist gaze (2nd ed.). London: SAGE Publication.

World Travel and Tourism Council . (2015). Travel and Tourism Economic Impact Namibia . London : World Travel and Tourism Council.




How to Cite

Green, I., & Sheyapo, M. (2018). Creative Cultural Tourism for Namibia: Opportunities and Challenges. Almatourism - Journal of Tourism, Culture and Territorial Development, 9(9), 181–194.