City Walls as Historic Urban Landscape: a Case study on Participatory Education
Keywords:Historic Urban Landscape, UNESCO, Participatory Processes, Heritage Education
The concept of Historic Urban Landscape, which now guides the conservation and promotion of numerous heritage sites across the world, is based on the recognition of the complexity of the urban environment, seen as a dynamic system of cultural and natural features. This paper aims at presenting an ongoing reassessment of the meaning of a historic artefact in the city of Bergamo, Italy, which is part of a broader system of defence built by the Venetian Republic between the 15th and 17th centuries. Among the many related initiatives, one was launched by the University of Bergamo and involved nearly a hundred primary school children in a series of multidisciplinary workshops. Children worked to produce a guidebook and a short animated film aimed at reconstructing the meanings and the values embodied by the Venetian Walls, an enduring cultural icon surrounding the medieval upper town. This project is triggering both downscaling and upscaling dynamics in the regeneration process of this historic urban infrastructure. It also contributes to the creation and sharing of new meanings around this heritage, which are strongly related to its value for the citizenship as well as for the visitors.
Antrop, M. (2005). Why landscapes of the past are important for the future. Landscape and Urban Planning, 70, 21–34. doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2003.10.002
Bandarin, F., & Oers, R. van. (2012). The Historic Urban Landscape: Managing Heritage in an Urban Century. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Bettini, M. (2001). Contro le radici. Tradizione, identità, memoria. Bologna: Il Mulino.
Bobbio, L. (2004). A più voci. Amministrazioni pubbliche, imprese, associazioni e cittadini nei processi decisionali inclusivi. Napoli, ESI. Retrieved Feb. 20, 2017 from http://partecipazione.formez.it/content/piu-voci-amministrazioni-pubbliche-imprese-associazioni-e-cittadini-processi-decisionali
Bobbio, L., & Pomatto, G. (2007). Modelli di coinvolgimento dei cittadini nelle scelte pubbliche. Retrieved Feb. 20, 2017 from http://partecipazione.formez.it/sites/all/files/Il%20coinvolgimento%20dei%20cittadini%20nelle%20scelte%20pubbliche.pdf
Bonadei, R. (2004). Heritage. Tra Storia e dibattito politico: una parola e le molte idee che la abitano. Bergamo: Museo di Scienze Naturali di Bergamo.
Bonadei, R. (Ed.) (2009). Naturaleartificiale. Il palinsesto urbano. Bergamo: Lubrina editore.
Bonfantini, G. B. (2015). Historic Urbanscapes For Tomorrow, Two Italian Cases: Genoa And Bologna. European Spatial Research and Policy, 22(2), 57-71. doi: 10.1515/esrp-2015-0025
Council of Europe, 2000. European Landscape Convention. Florence, Strasbourg: Council of Europe. CETS No. 176. Retrieved Feb. 20, 2017 from www.coe.int/en/web/conventions/full-list/-/conventions/rms/0900001680080621
Davies J., & Merchant, G. (2010). Web 2.0 for schools. Learning and social participation. Evaluation and Research in Education, 23(1), 72-74. doi: 10.1080/09500791003612371
ICOMOS, 1987. Charter for the conservation of historic towns and urban areas (Washington Charter 1987). Adopted by ICOMOS General Assembly in Washington, DC, October 1987. Retrieved Feb. 20, 2017 from http://www.icomos.org/en/what-we-do/focus/179-articles-en-francais/ressources/charters-and-standards/159-charter-for-the-conservation-of-historic-towns-and-urban-areas
Ingold, T. (2000). The perception of the environment: essays on livelihood, dwelling and skill. London: Routledge.
Leone, F., & Zoppi C. (2016). Participatory processes and spatial planning. Milano: Franco Angeli.
Leys, R. (2010). Trauma: A genealogy. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Lowenthal, D. (1985). The Past is a Foreign Country. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
Mascari, G.F., Mautone, M., Moltedo, L., Salonia, P. (2009). Landscapes, Heritage and Culture. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 10, 22–29. doi: 10.1016/j.culher.2008.07.007
Nancy, J.L. (2014). Il corpo dell’arte. Milano: Mimesis Edizioni.
Osborne, S.P. (2010). The New Public Governance? Emerging Perspectives on the Theory and Practice of Public Governance. Abingdon: Routledge.
Ostrom, E. (1996). Crossing the Great Divide: Coproduction, Synergy, and Development. World Development, 24(6), 1073-1087. doi: 10.1016/0305-750X(96)00023-X
Pendlebury, J., & Short, M., & While, A. (2009). Urban World Heritage Sites and the problem of authenticity, Cities, 26(6), 349-358, doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2009.09.003.
Scazzosi, L. (2004). Reading and assessing the landscape as cultural and historical heritage. Landscape Research, 29(4), 335–355. doi: 10.1080/0142639042000288993
Scoones, I., & Thompson, J. (eds.) (2003). Participatory processes for policy change. Interntational Institute for Environment and Development. Retrieved Feb. 20, 2017 from http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/9224IIED.pdf
Selman, P. (2004). Community participation in the planning and management of cultural landscapes. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 47, 365–392.
Shaw, B.J., & Jones, R. (eds.) (1997). Contested Urban Heritage: voices from the periphery. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Sternberger, D. (1985). Panorama del XIX secolo. Bologna: Il Mulino.
Taylor, K. (2016). The Historic Urban Landscape paradigm and cities as cultural landscapes. Challenging orthodoxy in urban conservation, Landscape Research, 41(4), 471-480, doi: 10.1080/01426397.2016.1156066
Timothy, D. J., & Boyd, S.W. (2002). Heritage e turismo. Milano: Hoepli.
Tunbridge, J., & Ashworth, G.J. (1996). Dissonant Heritage: the management of the past as a resource in conflict. Chichester: Wiley.
Turri, E. (2008). Antropologia del paesaggio. Venezia: Marsilio.
UNESCO, (2011). Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape. UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Paris, France. Retrieved Feb. 20, 2017 from http://whc.unesco.org/en/activities/638
UNESCO, (2013). Convention for the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage. Unesco World Heritage Center, Paris, France. Retrieved Feb. 20, 2017 from http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/en/convention
Urry, J. (1990). The Tourist Gaze. London: Sage.
White, S. A. (2003). Involving people in a participatory process. In S. White (Ed.), Participatory video: Images that transform and empower (pp. 17-30). London: Sage.
Wylie, J. (2007). Landscape. London: Routledge.
Zanini, D. (1997). Sul confine. I limiti naturali, storici, mentali, Milano: Mondadori.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2017 Rossana Bernabei, Margherita Cisani, Elena Viani
Copyrights and publishing rights of all the texts on this journal belong to the respective authors without restrictions.
This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License (full legal code).
See also our Open Access Policy.